Cameron, Julia M.
Coburn, Alvin L.
Talbot,William H. Fox
Fine Art, Portraiture
Biography: Alexander Rodchenko was a revolutionary artist,
both politically and aesthetically. As a decorator, furniture
and theater designer, printer, painter, sculptor, and photographer,
he worked with a wide variety of media. He was also an art theorist
and educator and began teaching at the VKhUTEMAS (Higher State
Art-Technical Studios) in Moscow in 1920. Best known as a Russian
Constructivist artist, in 1921 he co-wrote the Constructivists'
manifesto. Among other things, it advocated the use of machine-made
materials such as wire, glass, and sheet metal in the creation
of socially useful art for a society in the midst of revolution.
Inspired by his work in illustration and commercial designs,
Rodchenko turned to photography in 1924. He wanted to incorporate
his own imagery into the photomontages that he had begun working
on the previous year. From that point on, photomontage became
one of his favored techniques. An ardent experimenter, Rodchenko
regarded the camera as a highly flexible drawing instrument. His
use of foreshortening and non-vertical camera angles became trademark
techniques, and he advised aspiring photographers to "take
several different photographs of an object, from different places
and positions as though looking it over." (J. Paul Getty
More on Alexander Rodchenko:
of Modern Art - Retrospective on Rodchenko
Restropective Exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art.
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