The Haiti Project - Geography of Haiti (page 2)
- Inflation rate (consumer prices):
20% (1990 est.)
- Unemployment rate: 25-50%
- Budget: revenues $300
million; expenditures $416 million, including capital expenditures
of $145 million (1990 est.)
- Exports: $169 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.) commodities:
light manufactures 65%, coffee 19%, other agriculture 8%, other
8%. Partners: US 84%, Italy 4%, France 3%, other industrial
countries 6%, less developed countries 3% (1987)
- Imports: $348 million (c.i.f., 1990 est.) commodities:
machines and manufactures 34%, food and beverages 22%, petroleum
products 14%, chemicals 10%, fats and oils 9%.Partners: US 64%,
Netherlands Antilles 5%, Japan 5%, France 4%, Canada 3%, Germany
External debt: $838 million (December 1990)
Industrial production: growth rate 0.3% (FY88); accounts for
15% of GDP
- Electricity: 217,000 kW capacity; 468 million kWh produced,
74 kWh per capita (1991)
Industries: sugar refining, textiles, flour milling, cement
manufacturing, tourism, light assembly industries based on imported
partsAgriculture: accounts for 28% of GDP and employs 74% of
work force; mostly small-scale subsistence farms; commercial
crops - coffee, mangoes, sugarcane and wood; staple crops -
rice, corn, sorghum; shortage of wheat flour
- Illicit drugs: transshipment
point for cocaine
- Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (1970-89),
$700 million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral
commitments (1970-89), $770 million
- Currency: gourde (plural - gourdes); 1 gourde (G) =
- Exchange rates: gourdes (G) per US$1 - 5.0 (fixed rate)
- Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
Railroads: 40 km 0.760-meter narrow gauge, single-track,
privately owned industrial line.
- Highways: 4,000 km total; 950 km paved, 900 km otherwise
improved, 2,150 km unimproved.
- Inland waterways: negligible; less than 100 km navigable.
- Ports: Port-au-Prince, Cap-Haitien.
- Civil air: 12 major transport aircraft.
- Airports: 13 total, 10 usable; 3 with permanent-surface
runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659
m; 3 with runways 1,220-2,439 m.
- Telecommunications: domestic
facilities barely adequate, international facilities slightly
better; 36,000 telephones; broadcast stations - 33 AM, no FM,
4 TV, 2 short wave; 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station.
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