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Haiti - A Photo Documentary by Larry Davis

The Haiti Project - Geography of Haiti (page 2)

  • Inflation rate (consumer prices): 20% (1990 est.)
  • Unemployment rate: 25-50% (1990 est.)
  • Budget: revenues $300 million; expenditures $416 million, including capital expenditures of $145 million (1990 est.)
  • Exports: $169 million (f.o.b., 1990 est.) commodities: light manufactures 65%, coffee 19%, other agriculture 8%, other 8%. Partners: US 84%, Italy 4%, France 3%, other industrial countries 6%, less developed countries 3% (1987)
  • Imports: $348 million (c.i.f., 1990 est.) commodities: machines and manufactures 34%, food and beverages 22%, petroleum products 14%, chemicals 10%, fats and oils 9%.Partners: US 64%, Netherlands Antilles 5%, Japan 5%, France 4%, Canada 3%, Germany 3% (1987)
    External debt: $838 million (December 1990)
    Industrial production: growth rate 0.3% (FY88); accounts for 15% of GDP
  • Electricity: 217,000 kW capacity; 468 million kWh produced, 74 kWh per capita (1991)
    Industries: sugar refining, textiles, flour milling, cement manufacturing, tourism, light assembly industries based on imported partsAgriculture: accounts for 28% of GDP and employs 74% of work force; mostly small-scale subsistence farms; commercial crops - coffee, mangoes, sugarcane and wood; staple crops - rice, corn, sorghum; shortage of wheat flour
  • Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine
  • Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (1970-89), $700 million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments (1970-89), $770 million
  • Currency: gourde (plural - gourdes); 1 gourde (G) = 100 centimes
  • Exchange rates: gourdes (G) per US$1 - 5.0 (fixed rate)
  • Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
  • Communications:
    40 km 0.760-meter narrow gauge, single-track, privately owned industrial line.
  • Highways: 4,000 km total; 950 km paved, 900 km otherwise improved, 2,150 km unimproved.
  • Inland waterways: negligible; less than 100 km navigable.
  • Ports: Port-au-Prince, Cap-Haitien.
  • Civil air: 12 major transport aircraft.
  • Airports: 13 total, 10 usable; 3 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 3 with runways 1,220-2,439 m.
  • Telecommunications: domestic facilities barely adequate, international facilities slightly better; 36,000 telephones; broadcast stations - 33 AM, no FM, 4 TV, 2 short wave; 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station.




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